Liposuction surgery is one of the most popular cosmetic surgical procedures in the world. Liposuction can benefit men and women of all ages, but it’s particularly helpful for people who are already at or near their ideal weight.
This procedure removes localized fat deposits that don’t respond to diet and exercise. It can slim down your abdomen, buttocks, thighs and hips. It can also reshape your neck and chin to give you a more youthful appearance.
You may find it hard to access the right information on the internet, so we are here to help you in the following article, providing the best and updated information on liposuction side effects, types of liposuction, and liposuction for men.
Is Liposuction Necessary
You’ve spent hours in the gym and carefully count every calorie, but your most stubborn fat cells refuse to budge. No amount of dieting or exercises focused on “spot reducing” trouble areas are giving you the slim figure you desire, so what can you do? At Houston Center for Plastic Surgery, we offer liposuction to help you achieve that smoother, leaner figure you’ve worked so hard for. Liposuction can dramatically reduce persistent pockets of fat while sculpting and redefining your body profile. Thanks to its effectiveness, versatility, and minimal downtime, liposuction is consistently one of the top three cosmetic procedures performed in the United States each year.
While liposuction may seem like the perfect fix for your problem spots, not everyone is a good candidate for the procedure. Men and women who want to create a smoother, leaner body contour via cosmetic surgery must consult with a trained and experienced surgeon to determine whether liposuction is an appropriate option for them, and if so, which treatment method will provide the most desirable results.
You May Be A Good Candidate For Liposuction If…
- You are at a Healthy Weight – Liposuction is most effective for patients who are at a stable, healthy weight. Despite popular perception, liposuction is not a method for weight loss. You must have a BMI of under 30 and if you are in the process of losing weight, be about 15 pounds from your goal. The procedure is designed to contour your body by eliminating isolated pockets of fat that have not responded to diet and exercise, not to remove a large volume of fat for weight loss purposes.
- You Exercise & Maintain A Healthy Diet – Liposuction is not a shortcut to your ideal body shape or a substitute for diet and exercise. The procedure does eliminate fat cells in the targeted areas, but it is possible for the remaining cells in the treatment area to get larger if weight gain occurs after liposuction (though the overall improvement in contour will remain). It is important to stay committed to a healthy fitness and nutrition regimen following the procedure in order to maximize your results.
- You Are Not A Smoker – Tobacco use can increase the risk for complications during and after surgery. Smoking cigarettes, including e-cigarettes, causes vasoconstriction – a narrowing of the blood vessels that disrupts normal circulation to the tissues. This can lead to poor healing, longer recovery times, and excessive scarring. Liposuction patients who currently smoke should stop for several weeks prior to surgery, or simply quit altogether.
- You Have Realistic Expectations & Goals – Although liposuction can provide substantial improvements, those who view it as a “magic bullet” may be disappointed to find that it cannot completely alter your body shape or lead to dramatic weight loss. Good candidates for liposuction understand that the treatment is only used to target specific problem areas and improve body contour irregularities. Ideal candidates also acknowledge that the procedure is not a quick-fix, but rather a single tool in a broader strategy for overall health and wellness.
You May Not Be A Good Candidate For Liposuction If…
- You Have Loose Skin – Though liposuction can be performed on men and women of any age, the best results are seen in younger patients with good skin tone and elasticity. Skin that lacks elasticity may not shrink to fit the new body contour following liposuction, resulting in a slightly wrinkled or “crepey” appearance. Other options may be more appropriate for patients seeking to tighten loose skin after significant weight loss. Liposuction may also be combined with other cosmetic procedures to address both body contouring and skin tightening once you have reached your weight loss goals.
- You’re Hoping To Get Rid Of Cellulite – Liposuction is not a solution for eliminating cellulite. In some cases, liposuction can worsen the appearance of cellulite by removing the cushion of fat underneath the skin, causing additional dimpling.
- You Take Anticoagulants – Individuals who take anticoagulant medication or other drugs that may increase the risk of bleeding, such as aspirin or NSAIDs, are unlikely to be good candidates for liposuction. Substances that can impair the blood from clotting can typically pose a risk for surgery of any kind.
- You Have A Serious, Chronic Health Condition – Undergoing liposuction with a life-threatening illness or serious medical condition increases the risk of complications and can impair healing. As with other surgical procedures, good health is essential for optimal results. A past medical history of immunodeficiency disorders, seizure disorders, cardiac arrhythmias, heart disease, lung disease, diabetes, deep vein thrombosis, or pulmonary emboli may make liposuction inadvisable.
Liposuction Treatment Options
At Houston Center for Plastic Surgery, Dr. Norman Rappaport offers three different liposuction techniques in order to better serve the unique needs of each patient, including:
Tumescent Liposuction – Before fat removal, a saltwater solution containing small amounts of adrenaline and a local anesthetic is injected into the area targeted for treatment. This fluid allows fat to be removed more easily, reduces bleeding during the procedure, numbs the area, and diminishes bruising during healing.
Power-Assisted Liposuction – This technique uses a vibrating cannula to loosen the fat cells before suction, requiring less force during removal, especially in more fibrous tissue. The result is not only more efficient, but also produces less trauma to the surrounding tissue, leading to a quicker and more comfortable recovery.
Ultrasound-Assisted Liposuction – Also referred to as liposculpture or VASER, this two-step technique uses energy from sound waves to liquefy fat cells and visualize the treatment area for more precise results. Like power-assisted liposuction, ultrasound-assisted liposuction allows for easier fat removal, less trauma to the area, and a shortened recovery period.
Liposuction Side Effects
Liposuction is a surgical procedure that uses a suction technique to remove fat from specific areas of the body, such as the abdomen, hips, thighs, buttocks, arms or neck. Liposuction also shapes (contours) these areas. Other names for liposuction include lipoplasty and body contouring.
Liposuction isn’t typically considered an overall weight-loss method or a weight-loss alternative. If you’re overweight, you’re likely to lose more weight through diet and exercise or through bariatric procedures — such as gastric bypass surgery — than you would with liposuction.
You may be a candidate for liposuction if you have too much body fat in specific spots but otherwise have a stable body weight.
Why it’s done
Liposuction is used to remove fat from areas of the body that haven’t responded to diet and exercise, such as the:
- Upper arms
- Calves and ankles
- Chest and back
- Hips and thighs
- Chin and neck
In addition, liposuction can sometimes be used for breast reduction or treatment of gynecomastia.
When you gain weight, fat cells increase in size and volume. In turn, liposuction reduces the number of fat cells in a specific area. The amount of fat removed depends on the appearance of the area and the volume of fat. The resulting contour changes are generally permanent — as long as your weight remains stable.
After liposuction, the skin molds itself to the new contours of the treated areas. If you have good skin tone and elasticity, the skin is likely to appear smooth. If your skin is thin with poor elasticity, however, the skin in the treated areas may appear loose.
Liposuction doesn’t improve cellulite dimpling or other skin surface irregularities. Likewise, liposuction doesn’t remove stretch marks.
To be a candidate for liposuction, you must be in good health without conditions that could complicate surgery — such as restricted blood flow, coronary artery disease, diabetes or a weak immune system.
As with any major surgery, liposuction carries risks, such as bleeding and a reaction to anesthesia. Possible complications specific to liposuction include:
- Contour irregularities. Your skin may appear bumpy, wavy or withered due to uneven fat removal, poor skin elasticity and unusual healing. These changes may be permanent. Damage beneath the skin from the thin tube (cannula) that’s used during liposuction may give the skin a permanent spotted appearance.
- Fluid accumulation. Temporary pockets of fluid (seromas) can form under the skin. This fluid may need to be drained with a needle.
- Numbness. You may feel temporary or permanent numbness in the affected area. Temporary nerve irritation also is possible.
- Infection. Skin infections are rare but possible. A severe skin infection may be life-threatening.
- Internal puncture. Rarely, a cannula that penetrates too deeply may puncture an internal organ. This may require emergency surgical repair.
- Fat embolism. Pieces of loosened fat may break away and become trapped in a blood vessel and gather in the lungs or travel to the brain. A fat embolism is a medical emergency.
- Kidney and heart problems. Shifts in fluid levels as fluids are being injected and suctioned out can cause potentially life-threatening kidney, heart and lung problems.
- Lidocaine toxicity. Lidocaine is an anesthetic often administered with fluids injected during liposuction to help manage pain. Although generally safe, in rare circumstances, lidocaine toxicity can occur, causing serious heart and central nervous system problems.
The risk of complications increases if the surgeon is working on larger surfaces of your body or doing multiple procedures during the same operation. Talk to your surgeon about how these risks apply to you.
How you prepare
Food and medications
Before the procedure, discuss with your surgeon what to expect from the surgery. Your surgeon will review your medical history, and ask about any medical conditions you may have and any medications, supplements or herbs you may be taking.
Your surgeon will recommend that you stop taking certain medications, such as blood thinners or NSAIDs, at least three weeks prior to surgery. You may also need to get certain lab tests before your procedure.
If your procedure requires the removal of only a small amount of fat, the surgery may be done in an office setting. If a large amount of fat will be removed — or if you plan to have other procedures done at the same time — the surgery may take place in a hospital followed by an overnight stay. In either case, arrange for someone to drive you home and stay with you for at least the first night after the procedure.
What you can expect
Before the procedure
Before your liposuction procedure, the surgeon may mark circles and lines on the areas of your body to be treated. Photos also may be taken so that before and after images can be compared.
How your liposuction procedure is done depends on the specific technique that’s used. Your surgeon will select the appropriate technique based on your treatment goals, the area of your body to be treated, and whether you have had other liposuction procedures in the past.
- Tumescent liposuction. This is the most common type of liposuction. The surgeon injects a sterile solution — a mixture of salt water, which aids fat removal, an anesthetic (lidocaine) to relieve pain and a drug (epinephrine) that causes the blood vessels to constrict — into the area that’s being treated. The fluid mixture causes the affected area to swell and stiffen.The surgeon then makes small cuts into your skin and inserts a thin tube called a cannula under your skin. The cannula is connected to a vacuum that suctions fat and fluids from your body. Your body fluid may be replenished through an intravenous (IV) line.
- Ultrasound-assisted liposuction (UAL). This type of liposuction is sometimes used in conjunction with traditional liposuction. During UAL, the surgeon inserts a metal rod that emits ultrasonic energy under your skin. This ruptures the fat-cell walls and breaks down the fat for easier removal. A new generation of UAL called VASER-assisted liposuction uses a device that may improve skin contouring and reduce the chance of skin injuries.
- Laser-assisted liposuction (LAL). This technique uses high-intensity laser light to break down fat for removal. During LAL, the surgeon inserts a laser fiber through a small incision in the skin and emulsifies fat deposits. The fat is then removed via a cannula.
- Power-assisted liposuction (PAL). This type of liposuction uses a cannula that moves in a rapid back-and-forth motion. This vibration allows the surgeon to pull out tough fat more easily and faster. PAL may sometimes cause less pain and swelling and can allow the surgeon to remove fat with more precision. Your surgeon may select this technique if large volumes of fat need to be removed or if you’ve had a previous liposuction procedure.
During the procedure
Some liposuction procedures may require only local or regional anesthesia — anesthesia limited to a specific area of your body. Other procedures may require general anesthesia, which induces a temporary state of unconsciousness. You may be given a sedative, typically through an IV injection, to help you remain calm and relaxed.
The surgical team will monitor your heart rate, blood pressure and blood oxygen level throughout the procedure. If you are given local anesthesia and feel pain during the procedure, tell your surgeon. The medication or motions may need adjustment.
The procedure may last up to several hours, depending on the extent of fat removal.
If you’ve had general anesthesia, you’ll wake in a recovery room. You’ll typically spend at least a few hours in the hospital or clinic so that medical personnel can monitor your recovery. If you’re in a hospital, you may stay overnight to make sure that you’re not dehydrated or in shock from fluid loss.
After the procedure
Expect some pain, swelling and bruising after the procedure. Your surgeon may prescribe medication to help control the pain and antibiotics to reduce the risk of infection.
After the procedure, the surgeon may leave your incisions open and place temporary drains to promote fluid drainage. You usually need to wear tight compression garments, which help reduce swelling, for a few weeks.
You may need to wait a few days before returning to work and a few weeks before resuming your normal activities — including exercise.
During this time, expect some contour irregularities as the remaining fat settles into position.
After liposuction, swelling typically subsides within a few weeks. By this time, the treated area should look less bulky. Within several months, expect the treated area to have a leaner appearance.
It’s natural for skin to lose some firmness with aging, but liposuction results are generally long lasting as long as you maintain your weight. If you gain weight after liposuction, your fat distribution may change. For example, you may accumulate fat around your abdomen regardless of what areas were originally treated.