Cosmetic Surgery Tips

Manuka Honey For Tummy Tuck Incision

Manuka honey for tummy tuck incision is a topic that has been discussed at length in the past, but many people are still confused about what to do. In this blog, we will talk about the basics of manuka honey and how it can help your tummy tuck incision heal faster.

Manuka Honey For Tummy Tuck Incision

The market for Manuka honey has recently exploded, thanks to the perceived benefits of its natural antibacterial properties. But what evidence is there to support the claims?

Honey has been used to treat wounds since ancient times, as detailed in a document dating back to 1392. It was believed to help in the fight against infection, but the practice fell out of favor with the advent of antibiotics.

As we face the challenge of a growing worldwide resistance to antibiotics, scientists are examining the properties and potential of honey.

In this article, we explore what Manuka honey is, what its properties are, and how it differs from other types of honey.

We also look at the evidence available to assess whether Manuka honey really is the next great superfood.

Qualities

Pot of Manuka honey.
Medicinal use of honey dates back as far as 1392, when it was used to prevent infections in wounds.

The leaves of the Manuka tree, also known as a tea tree, have been known for centuries among the indigenous tribes of New Zealand and southern Australia for their healing powers.

Bees that collect nectar from this tree make Manuka honey, which harbors some of healing properties.

All honey contains antimicrobial properties, but Manuka honey also contains non-hydrogen peroxide, which gives it an even greater antibacterial power.

Some studies have found Manuka honey can also help to boost production of the growth factors white blood cells need to fight infection and to heal tissue.

Manuka honey contains a number of natural chemicals that make it different:

  • Methylglyoxal (MGO): This has been shown to be effective against several bacteria, including Proteumirabilis and Enterobacter cloacae.
  • Dihydroxyacetone (DHA): This is found in the nectar of Manuka flowers and converts into MGO during the honey production process.
  • Leptosperin: This is a naturally occurring chemical found in the nectar of Manuka plants and a few close relatives.

Wound care

Medical grade honey, used by healthcare professionals as part of a wound dressing, can help some kinds of wounds to heal.

Experts believe that because Manuka honey has added antibacterial and healing properties, it may be even more effective. At the moment, however, there is little evidence to support the theory.

A Cochrane Review looked at all the evidence available to support the use of honey in wound care. Published in 2015, the study said the differences in wound types made it impossible to draw overall conclusions about the effects of honey on healing.

The study found strong evidence that honey heals partial thickness burns around 4 to 5 days more quickly than conventional dressings. There is also evidence indicating that honey is more effective than antiseptic and gauze for healing infected surgical wounds.

Another study concluded that honey has rapid diabetic wound healing properties, but recommended more research to confirm that honey can be used as a first line of treatment for these types of wounds.

While some research does show that honey can help improve certain conditions, more studies are needed to confirm honey’s benefits for:

  • mixed acute and chronic wounds
  • pressure ulcers
  • Fournier’s gangrene
  • venous leg ulcers
  • minor acute wounds
  • Leishmaniasis

Antibacterial properties

Antibiotics are used to prevent and treat bacterial infections all over the world. However, the bacteria the drugs are deployed to kill can adapt and become resistant.

Antibiotic pills.
Manuka honey has antibacterial properties, and may be able to fight superbugs resistant to most standard antibiotics.

This resistance is currently happening all over the world, and a growing number of infections are becoming harder to treat. This leads to longer hospital stays, higher medical costs, and ultimately, more deaths.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has listed resistance to antibiotics as the one of the biggest threatsTrusted Source to global health, food security, and development.

The natural antibacterial properties of honey may be useful in this fight. In the lab, Manuka honey has been shown to be able to inhibit around 60 speciesTrusted Source of bacteria. These include Escherichia coli (E. coli) and salmonella.

Some studies have shown that Manuka honey can fight so-called superbugs that have become resistant to antibiotics. These include staphylococcus aureus (MRSA-15) and pseudomonas aeruginosa.

This line of investigation is still in its infancy. These have been small, lab-based tests which combined medical grade Manuka honey with antibiotics.

There is still a lot of work to be done before scientists can come to a conclusion.

Other benefits

There are many other potential health benefits of Manuka honey. These include:

  • reducing high cholesterol
  • reducing inflammation
  • reducing acid reflux
  • treating acne

There is, however, limited evidence for its use in these areas.

Using Manuka honey

The medical grade honey used to dress wounds is very different from the honey sold in stores.

Medical grade honey is sterilized, with all impurities removed, and prepared as a dressing. Wounds and infections should always be seen and treated by a healthcare professional.

Store-bought Manuka honey can be used in the same manner as any other honey: on toast, on porridge, or to sweeten drinks.

There is no clear evidence that people who consume Manuka honey in this way will notice any benefit to their health. It is not clear how the active ingredients that provide Manuka honey with its healing properties survive in the gut.

Risks

Honey is usually around 80 percent sugarTrusted Source, mainly supplied by glucose, fructose, and sucrose, so moderate intake is recommended. This is particularly true if you have diabetes.

Due to the recent trend for Manuka honey, it can be expensive, so it is important to make sure you know what you are looking for.

When buying Manuka honey from the store, look for the Unique Manuka Factor (UMF) mark. This means the honey has been produced by one of the 100+ beekeepers, producers, and exporters licenced by the UMF Honey Association.

Tummy Tuck Incision Oozing

Pus is also known as purulent drainage. It is a general term for the thick, often white fluid that collects at the source of an infection. Pus can occur around many types of infections, but it can be especially concerning after surgery. 

Drainage that appears in an incision may be a sign of infection, but not all drainage is pus. Still, it can be an alarming thing to see at your surgical incision.

This article discusses pus in surgical incisions. It also looks at the ways post-surgical infection is treated.

Abdominal surgery incision
Barrett Forster / Getty Images

Pus Explained

Pus is made from:

  • Dead tissue
  • White blood cells
  • Damaged cells

When your body fights an infection, it sends white blood cells to the source. The white blood cells help stop the germs from infecting more tissue. Pus is a byproduct of this process.

When you see pus, it means your body is working to fight an infection. Still, it’s never a good thing when a wound becomes infected.1

Pus is usually white or a yellow-white color. Sometimes it can be greenish, blood-tinged, blue, or in rare cases even brown. It can also have a foul odor. 

Pus appears in a surgical incision when it is becoming infected. It’s a sign that you need further treatment. Surgical infections can become serious quickly, so if you see pus call your surgeon at once.

An infection that spreads and reaches the bloodstream is called sepsis.2 Sepsis can become life-threatening.

Drainage From a Surgical Incision

Keep in mind that there are many types of drainage, ranging from normal to serious.

It is possible to have drainage that looks like pus but is actually just normal drainage.1 The only way to tell the difference is to seek medical attention. This is especially important if the drainage is from a surgical wound. 

If drainage from your surgical wound smells bad, tell your surgeon right away.

Recap

Not all drainage is pus. To be sure, see your surgeon right away.

Abscesses Explained

Some infections only produce a small amount of pus. In others, there may be significant buildup. Large amounts of pus may not always be visible because they are under the skin or deep inside an incision.

An abscess happens when drainage does not leak out. Abscesses can appear almost anywhere in the human body.3 Acne whiteheads are examples of very small abscesses.

Pus can be found in large amounts when an abscess is severe or goes untreated. This type of abscess can start with something as simple as an infected tooth, an infected surgical incision, or even a boil on the skin.

Recap

An abscess is an infection that can’t drain. Abscesses can happen almost anywhere on your body.

Treating a Wound When Pus Is Present

Resist the urge to scrub a surgical wound that has pus coming from it. You may want to get the area as clean as possible, but you could do more harm than good. Instead, tell your surgeon that there is an infection at the surgical site. Don’t clean it or try to remove the pus.

The surgeon may need to swab the site. This is for a wound culture, which helps determine the nature of the infection and which antibiotic will be most helpful.

You may need antibiotics, a change in your wound care regimen, or both. Often, you’ll be given an antibiotic at the first sign of infection.1 If a culture indicates another antibiotic may work better, your doctor may have you switch.

If you can’t get an appointment right away and must clean the site, gently wash it with warm water and a gentle cleanser. Rinse well. Don’t scrub or use harsh cleansers, which can irritate the wound. If it’s too harsh for a baby’s skin, don’t use it.

Summary

A surgical incision may become infected. When this happens, pus may appear at the site. It is also possible for an incision to have normal drainage. Your surgeon will be able to tell the difference.

Infections can become serious quickly, so notify your surgeon right away if you see anything that looks like pus in your incision. Your surgeon may swab the site to identify the nature of the infection. You will likely need to take antibiotics until it clears up.

Manuka Honey For Tummy Tuck Incision

Thank you for your inquiry about the benefits of using Manuka honey for scar reduction and infection prevention. Manuka honey is well-known for its antibacterial properties, which make it a popular choice for wound care and healing. When applied topically to the skin, Manuka honey can help with reducing scarring by promoting tissue regeneration and reducing inflammation.

While Manuka honey can be a beneficial addition to your healing regimen, it is important to note that it is not always necessary. If your wounds are healing well without any complications, using Manuka honey may not provide any additional benefits. It is always best to consult with your plastic surgeon before incorporating any new products into your post-operative care routine.

A consultation with a board-certified surgeon is essential for a thorough assessment of your specific needs and to receive expert medical advice tailored to your individual situation. Your surgeon will be able to evaluate your healing progress and determine if Manuka honey or any other treatments are appropriate for your case.

In conclusion, while Manuka honey can be a useful tool in scar reduction and infection prevention, it is not a one-size-fits-all solution. Consulting with your plastic surgeon is the best way to ensure that you are receiving the most appropriate care for your unique circumstances. Best of luck with your healing journey!

CHRONIC WOUNDS AND THE HEALING POWER OF HONEY

  • A chronic wound is a wound that  will not heal.
  • Chronic wounds are thought to be “stuck” in the wound healing cycle and  are most often seen in older adults.
  • If a wound is not healing as expected within 2-3 months, it is considered chronic.

People have been using honey as a wound dressing for thousands of years. Manuka honey is an antibacterial honey.  It is sold under the name Medihoney, Antibacterial Honey by Medihoney Pty LTD, of Richlands, Australia. It is available as a standardized medical honey in the United States. Medical researchers have only recently begun to understand the reasons for its effectiveness. Doctors are starting to understand that honey is a biologic wound dressing. It has multiple biological effects working together to hasten healing. Manuka honey has become a useful product in the treatment of chronic wounds.

COMPONENTS  OF MANUKA HONEY

The physical properties of honey play a major role in the improved healing process.

  • Honey’s natural acidity, increases the release of oxygen from blood.
  • It decreases the activity of destructive enzymes in the wound.
  • Its high sugar concentration draws fluid out of the wound (same effect obtained with vacuum therapy).
  • Honey has two types of antibacterial activity and the ability to kill many types of bacteria.
  • Hydrogen peroxide is the main antibacterial agent in most honeys.
  • Hydrogen peroxide is easily destroyed by the enzyme catalase, found in human tissues.
  • Methylglyoxal is the main antibacterial agent in manuka honey and is not destroyed by human tissues.
  • Different amounts of these substances in each honey is the reason for the different potency of different honeys.

SCIENCE FACTS ABOUT MANUKA HONEY

Manuka honey can be diluted by large amounts of wound fluid and  still maintain enough antibacterial activity.

Good clinical evidence for honey shows it is:

  • a stimulant of the immune response.
  • a promoter of tissue growth for wound repair.
  • a substance that lowers inflammation and
  • a substance that causes rapid separation and shedding of dead tissue.

Ongoing studies are providing scientific explanations for these effects.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS OF MANUKA HONEY

  • Allergic reaction, especially in people with bee allergies.
  • Possible interaction with certain chemotherapy medications.
  • Possible blood sugar rise.

HOW MANUKA HONEY IS USED IN CHRONIC WOUNDS

Honey used to treat wounds is a medical grade product, specially treated and prepared as a dressing.  Honey is most commonly used as a surface antibacterial agent to treat infections in different wound types.

These include:

  • Leg ulcers
  • Pressure ulcers
  • Diabetic foot ulcers
  • Chronic wounds from injury or surgery
  • Burns

The amount of honey used depends on the amount of fluid coming from the wound.

  1. Large amounts of fluid need large amounts of honey.
  2. Dressings should be changed depending on how rapidly the honey is being diluted by fluid.
  3. The wetter the dressing, the more frequent the changes. This should become less frequent as the honey starts to work on healing the wound.
  4. Dressings should be occlusive  to prevent honey from oozing out from the wound.
  5. The honey should be placed on a dressing, then  the dressing should be applied  to the wound.
  6. The honey should not be applied directly onto the wound.
  7. Dressing pads soaked with honey are commercially available as a less messy alternative.
  8. Cavities or deep wounds need to be filled with honey to reach deep into the tissues.
  9. The wound bed should be filled with honey before applying the honey dressing pad.

A doctor should see all difficult to heal wounds. The doctor should create an appropriate plan of care.  The plan should be executed and  carefully followed by experienced wound care medical personnel.

How can I heal my tummy tuck incision

Abdominoplasty, commonly known as a tummy tuck, is a surgical procedure that has gained popularity in recent years. In 2020 alone, there were nearly 98,000 tummy tuck procedures performed, highlighting the growing demand for this cosmetic surgery. This procedure is typically sought after by individuals looking to remove excess fat and skin from their abdominal area while also restoring weakened or separated muscles.

One of the key benefits of a tummy tuck is the achievement of a flatter abdomen and a more contoured waistline. This can help individuals achieve the toned, lean look they desire, especially for those who have struggled to eliminate stubborn belly fat through diet and exercise alone. By removing excess skin and fat, a tummy tuck can create a more streamlined silhouette, enhancing overall body proportions and helping clothes fit more comfortably.

In addition to cosmetic improvements, a tummy tuck can also lead to improved posture. When excess abdominal skin and fat are present, it can weigh down the midsection, causing individuals to slouch or hunch over. By removing this excess tissue and tightening the abdominal muscles, a tummy tuck can help individuals stand up straighter and with better alignment, ultimately reducing strain on the back and improving overall posture.

Another significant benefit of a tummy tuck is the removal of excess skin. After significant weight loss or pregnancy, loose, hanging skin can be a common concern for many individuals. This excess skin can be not only a cosmetic issue but also a functional one, causing discomfort or irritation. A tummy tuck can effectively remove this excess skin, helping individuals achieve smoother, tighter skin that better conforms to their body contours.

For many individuals, the physical improvements provided by a tummy tuck can also have a positive impact on their self-confidence. By achieving a flatter, more toned abdomen and a more defined waistline, individuals may feel more comfortable and confident in their own skin. This boost in self-esteem can lead to improved mental well-being, greater self-assurance, and a more positive body image overall.

Overall, a tummy tuck offers a range of benefits that can help individuals both look and feel their best. Whether seeking cosmetic enhancement, improved posture, or excess skin removal, a tummy tuck can be a transformative procedure with lasting results. With the growing popularity of this surgery, more individuals are turning to tummy tucks to achieve the toned, sculpted abdomen they desire.

| Benefit | Details |
|——————————————-|———————————————————————————————————-|
| Flatter abdomen and contoured waistline | Achieve a more toned, lean look with a streamlined silhouette. |
| Improved posture | Stand up straighter and reduce strain on the back with a tummy tuck. |
| Excess skin removal | Get rid of loose, hanging skin after weight loss or pregnancy. |
| Increased self-confidence | Boost self-esteem and feel more comfortable and confident in your own skin. |

While the advantages of this procedure are undeniable, tummy tuck recovery can also present a host of challenges. For example, scarring and limited mobility. Use this guide to manage your tummy tuck surgery recovery with ease and learn how to get the best results from your tummy tuck. Keep reading to know what to expect during the abdominoplasty healing process and learn helpful recovery tips. Alternatively, you can use the links below to navigate the post.

Tummy Tuck Recovery

Recovering from a tummy tuck procedure is a crucial step in achieving the desired results. A smooth tummy tuck recovery is essential to ensure that you can make the most of your new look. Failure to allow your body to heal properly can result in complications and dissatisfaction with the outcome of the procedure. Additionally, tummy tucks are not inexpensive surgeries, so maximizing the results is essential.

There are several factors that can influence the healing process after a tummy tuck. These factors include:

1. Overall health: Patients who are in good overall health tend to recover more quickly from surgeries like tummy tucks. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle and following your surgeon’s pre and post-operative instructions can help support your body’s healing process.

2. Surgical technique: The skill and experience of your surgeon can greatly impact your recovery. Choosing a board-certified plastic surgeon who specializes in tummy tuck procedures can increase the likelihood of a successful and smooth recovery.

3. Post-operative care: Proper post-operative care is crucial for a smooth recovery. This includes taking prescribed medications, attending follow-up appointments, and following your surgeon’s instructions regarding activity levels and wound care.

To speed up and optimize your tummy tuck recovery, consider the following tips:

1. Stay hydrated: Drinking plenty of water can help flush toxins from your body and promote healing.

2. Eat a healthy diet: Consuming nutrient-rich foods can provide your body with the necessary resources to heal efficiently.

3. Follow your surgeon’s instructions: Your surgeon will provide you with specific guidelines for your recovery. Following these instructions closely can help prevent complications and support a smooth healing process.

4. Avoid strenuous activity: It’s important to avoid heavy lifting and strenuous exercise during the initial stages of your recovery. Gradually reintroduce physical activity as advised by your surgeon.

5. Take care of your incisions: Proper wound care can help prevent infection and promote healing. Keep your incisions clean and dry, and follow your surgeon’s instructions for changing dressings.

By taking these steps and working closely with your plastic surgeon, you can optimize your tummy tuck recovery and enjoy the best possible results from your procedure. Remember that patience is key during the healing process, and following your surgeon’s advice can help ensure a successful outcome.

What are the Different Types of Tummy Tucks?

There are two types of tummy tucks—full and mini abdominoplasty—which will impact how long it takes for your body to heal after the surgery. This is because full tummy tucks focus on a larger area of your abdomen, while mini tummy tucks only involve the skin under the belly button. Let’s explore the two types of abdominoplasty procedures more in detail below.

Full Tummy Tuck

A full tummy tuck, or traditional tummy tuck, is a surgical procedure that can tighten and remove excess or sagging skin due to aging, pregnancy, or significant weight loss. To do this, cosmetic surgeons will create an incision between the hips and around the belly button. As a result, the belly button will be repositioned to make it look as natural as possible.

Mini Tummy Tuck

Mini tummy tucks are intended to treat minor pouching out of the lower belly, which is often the result of stretched muscles in the abdominal area. They are smaller procedures that take off less amount of skin and fat. Unlike full tummy tucks, there is no incision around the belly button, and the surgeon will not tighten the muscles above the navel. While a mini tummy tuck requires a smaller incision, this procedure still results in a scar on the lower abdomen. The word “mini” can be misleading, as many patients believe it refers only to the procedure’s smaller incision, but it still requires time off for healing.

Whether you’re recovering from a full or mini tummy tuck, we’ll provide a few tips for both of these procedures later in this post to help you get back on your feet faster.

What is the Recovery Time for a Tummy Tuck?

When considering a tummy tuck, also known as abdominoplasty, individuals often wonder about the recovery time associated with the procedure. While the average recovery time for a tummy tuck is two to four weeks, it’s essential to understand that the duration can vary based on a variety of factors.

One of the primary factors that influence the recovery time after a tummy tuck is the individual’s age and overall health. Younger patients with good overall health may experience a faster recovery compared to older individuals or those with underlying health issues. Patients with pre-existing medical conditions may require a longer recovery period due to potential complications that can arise during the healing process.

Another crucial factor that impacts recovery time is the post-operative care provided to the patient. Following the surgeon’s instructions regarding wound care, medication administration, and activity restrictions is vital for a smooth recovery. Proper care can help minimize the risk of complications and promote optimal healing of the surgical incisions.

The type of abdominoplasty performed can also influence the recovery time after a tummy tuck. For example, a mini tummy tuck, which focuses on the lower abdomen, typically has a shorter recovery period compared to a full tummy tuck that addresses both the upper and lower abdomen. Additionally, the extent of muscle tightening and skin removal during the procedure can affect the duration of recovery.

It’s important to note that if a patient’s abdominal muscles are weak, it may take longer to regain strength and function following a tummy tuck. Physical therapy and exercises prescribed by the surgeon can help improve muscle tone and aid in the recovery process.

Following the procedure, patients should closely follow their doctor’s recommendations regarding activity level, diet, and follow-up appointments. By adhering to these guidelines, individuals can optimize their recovery and achieve the desired results from their tummy tuck surgery.

In conclusion, the recovery time after a tummy tuck can vary from person to person based on individual factors such as age, health status, post-operative care, and the type of abdominoplasty performed. By working closely with their surgeon and following all post-operative instructions diligently, patients can help ensure a smooth recovery and achieve the best possible outcome from their tummy tuck procedure.

Can you use Manuka honey on scars

With its potent antibacterial properties, Manuka honey offers some sweet benefits such as wound healing, cough relief, protection against ulcers, improved digestion, and even better oral health.

It’s produced by bees that pollinate the flower Leptospermum scoparium (L.scoparium), commonly known as the Manuka bush.

Manuka honey’s antibacterial properties are what set it apart from traditional honey. It contains methylglyoxal as an active ingredient, likely responsible for these antibacterial effects (2).

Additionally, Manuka honey has antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant benefits (3).

It has traditionally been used for wound healing, soothing sore throats, preventing tooth decay, and improving digestive issues.

Here are seven science-based health benefits of Manuka honey.

Since ancient times, honey has been used to treat wounds, burns, sores, and boils (4).

In 2007, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Manuka honey as an option for wound treatment (5).

Honey offers antibacterial and antioxidant properties, all while maintaining a moist wound environment and protective barrier, which prevents microbial infections in the wound (6).

Multiple studies have shown that Manuka honey can enhance wound healing, amplify the regeneration of tissue, and even decrease pain in people with burns (7, 8, 9).

For example, one study investigated the effects of applying Manuka honey dressing or standard wound care to pressure wounds in 99 children in the pediatric intensive care (ICU) unit. Wounds treated with Manuka honey healed faster — an average of seven days versus nine days — than wounds treated with standard care (10).

What’s more, Manuka honey may help heal diabetic ulcers.

A Saudi Arabian study found that Manuka honey wound dressings when combined with conventional wound treatment, healed diabetic ulcers more effectively than conventional treatment alone (11).

Additionally, a Greek study showed that Manuka honey wound dressings reduced healing time and disinfected wounds in people with diabetic foot ulcers (12).

Another study observed the effectiveness of Manuka honey in healing eyelid wounds after surgery. They found all eyelid wounds healed well, regardless of whether the incisions were treated with Manuka honey or Vaseline.

However, patients reported that scarring treated with Manuka honey was less stiff and significantly less painful compared to scarring treated with Vaseline (13).

Lastly, Manuka honey effectively treats wound infections caused by antibiotic-resistant strains, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) (14, 15).

Hence, the regular topical application of Manuka honey on wounds and infections may help prevent MRSA (16).

Applied topically, Manuka honey effectively treats burns, ulcers, and non-healing wounds. It has also been shown to combat antibiotic-resistant strains of infections, such as MRSA.

According to the CDC, almost 50% of Americans have a form of periodontal disease (17).

To avoid tooth decay and keep your gums healthy, it is important to minimize bad oral bacteria that can cause plaque formation.

It’s also important not to wipe out the good oral bacteria responsible for keeping your mouth healthy.

Studies have shown Manuka honey attacks harmful oral bacteria associated with plaque formation, gum inflammation, and tooth decay.

Specifically, research has shown that Manuka honey, with its high antibacterial activity, is effective at inhibiting the growth of harmful oral bacteria like Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (A. actinomycetemcomitans) (18).

One study examined the effects of a Manuka honey mouthwash and two other types of mouthwash on plaque and gingival scores of 135 children between the ages of 12 to 15 years old. Participants swished with either the Manuka honey, raw honey, or chlorhexidine mouthwash for 30 seconds twice daily for 21 days.

The study found that the Manuka honey mouthwash significantly reduced the formation of plaque and gingivitis (19).

The idea of consuming honey for good oral health may seem counterintuitive, as you have probably been told that consuming too many sweets can lead to cavities.

However, unlike candy and refined sugar, Manuka honey’s potent antibacterial effects make it unlikely to contribute to cavities or tooth decay (20).

Research shows Manuka honey inhibits the growth of harmful oral bacteria that can causegingivitis and tooth decay. Unlike refined sugar, it has not been shown to cause tooth decay.

Manuka honey may provide relief from coughs due to upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs).

URTIs are common infections caused by bacteria or viruses. They include the common cold, acute bronchitis, influenza, and respiratory distress syndromes (21).

Symptoms of URTIs include cough, sore throat, runny nose, and nasal congestion. Since most URTIs are caused by viruses, antibiotics are ineffective as a treatment and can have harmful side effects (21, 22).

A number of studies suggest honey may be a safe, effective treatment for cough due to URTIs. Studies suggest honey may be more effective than commonly used medications for relieving URTI symptoms, especially cough frequency, and severity (22, 23).

Honey may also be a useful adjunct treatment for persistent post-infection cough. Persistent post-infection cough is a cough that lasts for longer than three weeks following a URTI (24).

One study looked at the effects of honey and coffee on 97 adults with persistent post-infection cough. Participants took a mixture of honey and coffee, the steroid prednisolone, or a common over-the-counter cough suppressant every 8 hours for one week.

The study found the combination of honey and coffee was significantly more effective than both the steroid and the cough suppressant at reducing cough frequency (24).

Although Manuka honey wasn’t used in these studies, it’s likely to be just as effective at suppressing coughs.

Manuka honey can help provide relief from coughs due to upper respiratory tract infections. It may even be more effective at reducing cough frequency and severity than common cough medications.

These sores form on the lining of the stomach, causing stomach pain, nausea, and bloating.

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)is a common type of bacteria that’s responsible for the majority of gastric ulcers (26).

Research suggests Manuka honey may help treat gastric ulcers caused by H. pylori.

A review of studies looked at raw honey’s effects on the growth of H. pylori in vitro. It found that the antibacterial properties of several types of raw honey, including Manuka honey, inhibit the growth of H. pylori infection (27).

One test-tube study found Manuka honey helps slow the growth of H. pylori by inhibiting the activation of proteins that affect cell growth and gene expression (28).

Another study examined whether dietary factors influenced the presence and spread of H. pylori in 294 individuals between 18 and 69 years old. It found that people who consumed honey more than five days a week had a significantly lower risk of H. pylori infection than those who did not consume honey regularly (29).

Moreover, those who consumed honey regularly were significantly less likely to have infections associated with specific strains of H. pylori that increase the incidence of diseases like peptic ulcers and gastric cancer.

However, more human studies are needed to know whether Manuka honey can help treat gastric ulcers caused by H. pylori.

Yet, a study in rats showed that Manuka honey helped prevent alcohol-induced gastric ulcers (25).

More research is needed, but Manuka honey’s potent antibacterial effects may help treat gastric ulcers caused by H. pylori. Manuka honey may also prevent alcohol-induced gastric ulcers.

There are two main types of IBD: Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. Both types of IBD can lead to symptoms like diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting (30).

Researchers have discovered that regularly consuming Manuka honey may help decrease these symptoms.

Manuka honey has been shown to improve antioxidant status and reduce inflammation in rats with ulcerative colitis (31).

It has also been shown to attack strains of Clostridioides difficile (C. diff).

C. diff is a type of bacterial infection that causes severe diarrhea and inflammation of the bowel (32).

C. diff is commonly treated with antibiotics. However, a recent study observed the effectiveness of Manuka honey on C. diff strains.

Manuka honey killed C. diff cells, suggesting it may be an effective treatment (33).

It is important to note that the above studies observed Manuka honey’s influence on bacterial infections in rats and in vitro.

Further research is needed to fully understand Manuka honey’s influence on bacterial infections of the bowel.

Manuka honey may decrease inflammation in individuals with IBS. It may also be effective at attacking C. diff.

Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disorder that damages the lungs and can also affect the digestive system and other organs (34).

It affects the cells that produce mucus, causing mucus to be abnormally thick and sticky. This thick mucus clogs airways and ducts, making it difficult to breathe.

Manuka honey has been shown to fight bacteria that cause upper respiratory infections.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) and Burkholderia cepacia complex (B. cepacia) are two common bacteria that can cause serious upper respiratory infections, especially in vulnerable populations (35).

One test-tube study found that Manuka honey inhibited the growth of these bacteria when combined with antibiotics (36).

Therefore, researchers concluded that Manuka honey might play an important role in treating upper respiratory infections, especially in those with cystic fibrosis.

Manuka honey has been shown to attack harmful bacteria that cause upper respiratory infections in individuals with cystic fibrosis, but further studies are needed.

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